An experimental examination of the effects of alcohol consumption and exposure to misleading postevent information on remembering a hypothetical rape scenario

Heather D. Flowe, Joyce Humphries, Kasia Zelek, Nilda Karoğlu, Melanie K.T. Takarangi, Fiona Gabbert, Lorraine Hope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We experimentally examined the effects of alcohol consumption and exposure to misleading post event information on memory for a hypothetical interactive rape scenario. We used a 2 beverage (alcohol versus tonic water) x 2 expectancy (told alcohol versus told tonic) factorial design. Participants (N = 80) were randomly assigned to conditions. They consumed alcohol (mean BAC = .06%) or tonic water before engaging in the scenario. Alcohol expectancy was controlled by telling participants they were consuming alcohol or tonic water alone, irrespective of the actual beverage they were consuming. Approximately a week later, participants were exposed to a misleading post event narrative and then recalled the scenario and took a recognition test. Participants who were told that they had consumed alcohol rather than tonic reported fewer correct details; but, they were no more likely to report incorrect or misleading information. The confidence-accuracy relationship for control and misled items was similar across groups, and there was some evidence that metacognitive discrimination was better for participants who were told that they had consumed alcohol compared to those told they had tonic water. Implications for interviewing rape victims are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Early online date6 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Feb 2019

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Alcohol Drinking
Alcohols
Water
Beverages
Rape
Alcohol
Remembering
Scenarios
Tonic

Keywords

  • alcohol
  • misinformation effect
  • self-administered interview
  • cognitive interview
  • rape
  • sexual assault

Cite this

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title = "An experimental examination of the effects of alcohol consumption and exposure to misleading postevent information on remembering a hypothetical rape scenario",
abstract = "We experimentally examined the effects of alcohol consumption and exposure to misleading post event information on memory for a hypothetical interactive rape scenario. We used a 2 beverage (alcohol versus tonic water) x 2 expectancy (told alcohol versus told tonic) factorial design. Participants (N = 80) were randomly assigned to conditions. They consumed alcohol (mean BAC = .06{\%}) or tonic water before engaging in the scenario. Alcohol expectancy was controlled by telling participants they were consuming alcohol or tonic water alone, irrespective of the actual beverage they were consuming. Approximately a week later, participants were exposed to a misleading post event narrative and then recalled the scenario and took a recognition test. Participants who were told that they had consumed alcohol rather than tonic reported fewer correct details; but, they were no more likely to report incorrect or misleading information. The confidence-accuracy relationship for control and misled items was similar across groups, and there was some evidence that metacognitive discrimination was better for participants who were told that they had consumed alcohol compared to those told they had tonic water. Implications for interviewing rape victims are discussed.",
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An experimental examination of the effects of alcohol consumption and exposure to misleading postevent information on remembering a hypothetical rape scenario. / Flowe, Heather D.; Humphries, Joyce; Zelek, Kasia; Karoğlu, Nilda; Takarangi, Melanie K.T.; Gabbert, Fiona; Hope, Lorraine.

In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, 06.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Takarangi, Melanie K.T.

AU - Gabbert, Fiona

AU - Hope, Lorraine

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