An evaluation of a new pattern of electrical stimulation as a treatment for urinary stress incontinence: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial

S. Jeyaseelan, E. Haslam, J. Winstanley, B. Roe, J. Oldham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: To evaluate a new pattern of electrical of electrical stimulation as a treatment for stress incontinence. Design: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Setting: The study took place on three clinical sites. Subjects: Patients (n= 27) with urodynamically proven stress incontinence recruited via consultant referral. Interventions: Patients were randomly allocated to one of two groups: the new pattern of stimulation or sham stimulation. Main outcome measures: Patients were assessed pre, mid and post treatment using: perineometry, digital assessment and pad testing. The following were only used pre and post treatment: seven-day frequency/ volume chart, SF-36, the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire and the Urogenital Distress Inventory. Results: No significant between-group differences were highlighted except when quality of life was assessed with the Urogenital Distress Inventory (p= 0.01). A significant reduction in scores was observed in the stimulation group (p= 0.03) However, improvements were seen in both the strength and endurance characteristics of the pelvic floor musculature, although these changes were not translated into a reduction in symptoms. Conclusion: Although promising, the improvement in pelvic floor function did not result in a reduction in symptoms in all patients. Further research is required to investigate the effects of the new stimulation in combination with pelvic floor exercises and to compare the new stimulation pattern with existing forms of electrical stimulation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)631-640
    JournalClinical Rehabilitation
    Volume14
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2000

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