Alcohol Use Predicts Face Perception Impairments and Difficulties in Face Recognition

Denise Dal Lago, Edwin Burns, Elizabeth Gaunt, Emma Peers, Robin C. Jackson, Thomas D. W. Wilcockson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Risky alcohol use is related to a variety of cognitive impairments, including memory and visuo-perceptual difficulties. Remarkably, no prior work has assessed whether usage of alcohol can predict difficulties perceiving facial identity. Objectives: Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether riskier alcohol consumption predicted impairments in face perception and self-reported difficulties in face recognition. Results: Participants (N = 239, male = 77) were over 18 years old and had normal or corrected-to-normal vision. Alcohol use was assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT), while face recognition difficulties were determined by the 20-item Prosopagnosia Index questionnaire (PI20). A subsample of participants (N = 126, male = 51) completed the Cambridge Face Perception task (CFPT) to assess their face perception ability. Multiple linear regressions showed significant models of prediction on both face perception and face recognition when considering AUDIT score and age as predictors. Conclusion: This study suggested, for the first time, that risky alcohol use predicts both poorer visuo-perceptual processing for faces and self-reported difficulties in face recognition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Early online date21 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2023

Keywords

  • face perception
  • face recognition
  • alcohol consumption

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