AD-Graph: Weakly Supervised Anomaly Detection Graph Neural Network

Waseem Ullah, Tanveer Hussain, Fath U Min Ullah, Khan Muhammad, Mahmoud Hassaballah, Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues, Sung Wook Baik, Victor Hugo C. de Albuquerque, Surya Prakash (Editor)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The main challenge faced by video-based real-world anomaly detection systems is the accurate learning of unusual events that are irregular, complicated, diverse, and heterogeneous in nature. Several techniques utilizing deep learning have been created to detect anomalies, yet their effectiveness on real-world data is often limited due to the insufficient incorporation of motion patterns. To address these problems and enhance the traditional functionality of anomaly detection systems for surveillance video data, we propose a weakly supervised graph neural-network-assisted video anomaly detection framework called AD-Graph. To identify temporal information from a series of frames, we extract 3D visual and motion features and represent these in a language-based knowledge graph format. Next, a robust clustering strategy is applied to group together meaningful neighbourhoods of the graph with similar vertices. Furthermore, spectral filters are applied to these graphs, and spectral graph theory is used to generate graph signals and detect anomalous events. Extensive experimental results over two challenging datasets, UCF-Crime and ShanghaiTech, show improvements of 0.35% and 0.78% against a state-of-the-art model.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7868415
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Intelligent Systems
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2023


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