Acute adaptations and subsequent preservation of strength and speed measures following a Nordic hamstring curl intervention: a randomised controlled trial

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Abstract

This randomised controlled trial investigated changes in eccentric hamstring strength, 10 m sprint speed, and change-of-direction (COD) performance immediately post Nordic hamstring curl (NHC) intervention and following a 3-week detraining period. Fourteen male team sports athletes were randomised to a do-as-usual control group (CG; n = 7) or to a NHC intervention group (NHC; n = 7). Isokinetic dynamometry at 180°/s evaluated eccentric hamstring strength immediately post-intervention as the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcomes included 10 m sprint time and COD. Each outcome was measured, pre, immediately post-intervention and following a 3-week detraining period. Immediately post-intervention significant group differences were observed in the NHC group for eccentric hamstring strength (31.81 Nm-1 vs. 6.44 Nm-1, P = 0.001), COD (-0.12 s vs. 0.20 s; P = 0.003) and sprint (- 0.06 s vs. 0.05 s; P = 0.024) performance. Performance improvements were maintained following a detraining period for COD (-0.11 s vs. 0.20 s; P = 0.014) and sprint (-0.05 s vs. 0.03 s, P = 0.031) but not eccentric hamstring strength (15.67 Nm-1 vs. 6.44 Nm-1, P = 0.145) These findings have important implications for training programmes designed to reduce hamstring injury incidence, whilst enhancing physical qualities critical to sport.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Early online date27 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Oct 2018

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Randomized Controlled Trials
Sports
Athletes
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Education
Control Groups
Direction compound
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Change-of-direction
  • Eccentric strength
  • Hamstring
  • Performance
  • Resistance training Change-of-direction
  • Resistance training

Cite this

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title = "Acute adaptations and subsequent preservation of strength and speed measures following a Nordic hamstring curl intervention: a randomised controlled trial",
abstract = "This randomised controlled trial investigated changes in eccentric hamstring strength, 10 m sprint speed, and change-of-direction (COD) performance immediately post Nordic hamstring curl (NHC) intervention and following a 3-week detraining period. Fourteen male team sports athletes were randomised to a do-as-usual control group (CG; n = 7) or to a NHC intervention group (NHC; n = 7). Isokinetic dynamometry at 180°/s evaluated eccentric hamstring strength immediately post-intervention as the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcomes included 10 m sprint time and COD. Each outcome was measured, pre, immediately post-intervention and following a 3-week detraining period. Immediately post-intervention significant group differences were observed in the NHC group for eccentric hamstring strength (31.81 Nm-1 vs. 6.44 Nm-1, P = 0.001), COD (-0.12 s vs. 0.20 s; P = 0.003) and sprint (- 0.06 s vs. 0.05 s; P = 0.024) performance. Performance improvements were maintained following a detraining period for COD (-0.11 s vs. 0.20 s; P = 0.014) and sprint (-0.05 s vs. 0.03 s, P = 0.031) but not eccentric hamstring strength (15.67 Nm-1 vs. 6.44 Nm-1, P = 0.145) These findings have important implications for training programmes designed to reduce hamstring injury incidence, whilst enhancing physical qualities critical to sport.",
keywords = "Change-of-direction, Eccentric strength, Hamstring, Performance, Resistance training Change-of-direction, Resistance training",
author = "James Siddle and Matt Greig and Kristian Weaver and Richard Page and Damian Harper and Christopher Brogden",
year = "2018",
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day = "27",
doi = "10.1080/02640414.2018.1535786",
language = "English",
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journal = "Journal of Sports Sciences",
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T1 - Acute adaptations and subsequent preservation of strength and speed measures following a Nordic hamstring curl intervention: a randomised controlled trial

AU - Siddle, James

AU - Greig, Matt

AU - Weaver, Kristian

AU - Page, Richard

AU - Harper, Damian

AU - Brogden, Christopher

PY - 2018/10/27

Y1 - 2018/10/27

N2 - This randomised controlled trial investigated changes in eccentric hamstring strength, 10 m sprint speed, and change-of-direction (COD) performance immediately post Nordic hamstring curl (NHC) intervention and following a 3-week detraining period. Fourteen male team sports athletes were randomised to a do-as-usual control group (CG; n = 7) or to a NHC intervention group (NHC; n = 7). Isokinetic dynamometry at 180°/s evaluated eccentric hamstring strength immediately post-intervention as the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcomes included 10 m sprint time and COD. Each outcome was measured, pre, immediately post-intervention and following a 3-week detraining period. Immediately post-intervention significant group differences were observed in the NHC group for eccentric hamstring strength (31.81 Nm-1 vs. 6.44 Nm-1, P = 0.001), COD (-0.12 s vs. 0.20 s; P = 0.003) and sprint (- 0.06 s vs. 0.05 s; P = 0.024) performance. Performance improvements were maintained following a detraining period for COD (-0.11 s vs. 0.20 s; P = 0.014) and sprint (-0.05 s vs. 0.03 s, P = 0.031) but not eccentric hamstring strength (15.67 Nm-1 vs. 6.44 Nm-1, P = 0.145) These findings have important implications for training programmes designed to reduce hamstring injury incidence, whilst enhancing physical qualities critical to sport.

AB - This randomised controlled trial investigated changes in eccentric hamstring strength, 10 m sprint speed, and change-of-direction (COD) performance immediately post Nordic hamstring curl (NHC) intervention and following a 3-week detraining period. Fourteen male team sports athletes were randomised to a do-as-usual control group (CG; n = 7) or to a NHC intervention group (NHC; n = 7). Isokinetic dynamometry at 180°/s evaluated eccentric hamstring strength immediately post-intervention as the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcomes included 10 m sprint time and COD. Each outcome was measured, pre, immediately post-intervention and following a 3-week detraining period. Immediately post-intervention significant group differences were observed in the NHC group for eccentric hamstring strength (31.81 Nm-1 vs. 6.44 Nm-1, P = 0.001), COD (-0.12 s vs. 0.20 s; P = 0.003) and sprint (- 0.06 s vs. 0.05 s; P = 0.024) performance. Performance improvements were maintained following a detraining period for COD (-0.11 s vs. 0.20 s; P = 0.014) and sprint (-0.05 s vs. 0.03 s, P = 0.031) but not eccentric hamstring strength (15.67 Nm-1 vs. 6.44 Nm-1, P = 0.145) These findings have important implications for training programmes designed to reduce hamstring injury incidence, whilst enhancing physical qualities critical to sport.

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