Accelerometer and self-reported measures of sedentary behaviour and association with adiposity in UK youth

Stuart J. Fairclough, ROBERT NOONAN, DANIELLE CHRISTIAN, Lynne Boddy, Pedro F. Saint-Maurice, Greg J. Welk, Paul Hibbing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study used accelerometer and self-report measures of overall sedentary time (ST) and screen time behaviours to examine their respective associations with adiposity among UK youth. Participants (Year groups 5, 8, and 10; n=292, 148 girls) wore the SenseWear Armband Mini accelerometer for eight days and completed the Youth Activity Profile, an online report tool designed to estimate physical activity and ST.Stature, body mass and waist circumference were measured to classify adiposity outcomes (overweight/obese and central obesity). One-way between groups ANOVA and adjusted linear, logistic and multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted. There was a significant main effect of age on total ST across the whole week (F(2, 289)=41.64, p≤0.001). ST increased monotonically across Year 5 (581.09±107.81 min·dˉ¹), 8 (671.96±112.59 min·dˉ¹) and 10 (725.80±115.20 min·dˉ¹), and all pairwise comparisons were significant at p≤0.001. A steep age-related gradient to mobile phone use was present (p≤0.001). ST was positively associated with adiposity outcomes independent of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA; p≤0.001). Engaging in >3 hours of video gaming daily was positively associated with central obesity (OR=2.12, p≤0.05) but not after adjustment for MVPA. Results further demonstrate the importance of reducing overall ST to maintain healthy weight status among UK youth.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Early online date19 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Adiposity
Abdominal Obesity
Exercise
Cell Phones
Waist Circumference
Self Report
Analysis of Variance
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Youth
  • sedentary time
  • screen time
  • adiposity
  • obesity
  • Measurement

Cite this

Fairclough, Stuart J. ; NOONAN, ROBERT ; CHRISTIAN, DANIELLE ; Boddy, Lynne ; Saint-Maurice, Pedro F. ; Welk, Greg J. ; Hibbing, Paul. / Accelerometer and self-reported measures of sedentary behaviour and association with adiposity in UK youth. In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2019.
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abstract = "This study used accelerometer and self-report measures of overall sedentary time (ST) and screen time behaviours to examine their respective associations with adiposity among UK youth. Participants (Year groups 5, 8, and 10; n=292, 148 girls) wore the SenseWear Armband Mini accelerometer for eight days and completed the Youth Activity Profile, an online report tool designed to estimate physical activity and ST.Stature, body mass and waist circumference were measured to classify adiposity outcomes (overweight/obese and central obesity). One-way between groups ANOVA and adjusted linear, logistic and multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted. There was a significant main effect of age on total ST across the whole week (F(2, 289)=41.64, p≤0.001). ST increased monotonically across Year 5 (581.09±107.81 min·dˉ¹), 8 (671.96±112.59 min·dˉ¹) and 10 (725.80±115.20 min·dˉ¹), and all pairwise comparisons were significant at p≤0.001. A steep age-related gradient to mobile phone use was present (p≤0.001). ST was positively associated with adiposity outcomes independent of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA; p≤0.001). Engaging in >3 hours of video gaming daily was positively associated with central obesity (OR=2.12, p≤0.05) but not after adjustment for MVPA. Results further demonstrate the importance of reducing overall ST to maintain healthy weight status among UK youth.",
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Accelerometer and self-reported measures of sedentary behaviour and association with adiposity in UK youth. / Fairclough, Stuart J.; NOONAN, ROBERT; CHRISTIAN, DANIELLE; Boddy, Lynne; Saint-Maurice, Pedro F.; Welk, Greg J.; Hibbing, Paul.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, 19.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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