A System for True and False Memory Prediction Based on 2D and 3D Educational Contents and EEG Brain Signals

Saeed Bamatraf, Muhammad Hussain, Hatim Aboalsamh, Emad-Ul-Haq Qazi, Amir Saeed Malik, Hafeez Ullah Amin, Hassan Mathkour, Ghulam Muhammad, Hafiz Muhammad Imran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We studied the impact of 2D and 3D educational contents on learning and memory recall using electroencephalography (EEG) brain signals. For this purpose, we adopted a classification approach that predicts true and false memories in case of both short term memory (STM) and long term memory (LTM) and helps to decide whether there is a difference between the impact of 2D and 3D educational contents. In this approach, EEG brain signals are converted into topomaps and then discriminative features are extracted from them and finally support vector machine (SVM) which is employed to predict brain states. For data collection, half of sixty-eight healthy individuals watched the learning material in 2D format whereas the rest watched the same material in 3D format. After learning task, memory recall tasks were performed after 30 minutes (STM) and two months (LTM), and EEG signals were recorded. In case of STM, 97.5% prediction accuracy was achieved for 3D and 96.6% for 2D and, in case of LTM, it was 100% for both 2D and 3D. The statistical analysis of the results suggested that for learning and memory recall both 2D and 3D materials do not have much difference in case of STM and LTM.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8491046
JournalComputational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain Mapping
  • Brain Waves/physiology
  • Brain/physiology
  • Electroencephalography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Male
  • Memory, Short-Term/physiology
  • Mental Recall/physiology
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual/physiology
  • ROC Curve
  • Repression, Psychology
  • Support Vector Machine
  • Young Adult


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