We examined how effectively multimedia applications (computer- assisted instruction, e-books, and TV/Video) benefit the literacy development of at-risk and not-at-risk children. Blok et al. (Rev Educ Res 72:101–130, 2002) anal- ysed computer-assisted instruction studies undertaken in the 1990–2000 period and found an effect size of 0.254. Due to improvements in software and hardware over the 2000–2010 period, it was expected that the efficacy of multimedia applications had increased. Thirty-seven studies covering altogether 42 different treatments/ experimental groups, in which in total 2525 children participated, were analysed. Eligibility criteria included quantitative research with participants up to 8 years old, which was published in English. An average effect size across all outcomes of .645 was found. Effects were larger when more time was spent on the task, and for pre- schoolers and kindergartners in comparison to first and second graders. Implications for the future development of smart phone and tablet applications are discussed.
|Title of host publication||Reading in the digital age: Young children's experience with E-books.|
|Editors||Ji Eun Kim, Brenna Hassinger-Das|
|Publisher||Springer Nature Switzerland AG|
|Number of pages||37|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Aug 2019|