3D printing in Ophthalmology: From medical implants to personalised medicine

Greymi Tan, Nicole Ioannou, Essyrose Mathew, Aristides D Tagalakis, Dimitrios A Lamprou, Cynthia Yu-Wai-Man

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
126 Downloads (Pure)


3D printing was invented thirty years ago. However, its application in healthcare became prominent only in recent years to provide solutions for drug delivery and clinical challenges, and is constantly evolving. This cost-efficient technique utilises biocompatible materials and is used to develop model implants to provide a greater understanding of human anatomy and diseases, and can be used for organ transplants, surgical planning and for the manufacturing of advanced drug delivery systems. In addition, 3D printed medical devices and implants can be customised for each patient to provide a more tailored treatment approach. The advantages and applications of 3D printing can be used to treat patients with different eye conditions, with advances in 3D bioprinting offering novel therapy applications in ophthalmology. The purpose of this review paper is to provide an in-depth understanding of the applications and advantages of 3D printing in treating different ocular conditions in the cornea, glaucoma, retina, lids and orbits. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122094
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Early online date9 Aug 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Aug 2022


  • Drug delivery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Personalised medicine
  • Implants
  • 3D printing

Research Institutes

  • Health Research Institute

Research Centres

  • Data Science STEM Research Centre


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