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Patrick joined Edge Hill University as a Lecturer in Law in 2018, after completing his PhD in international law at the University of Liverpool.

Patrick’s research interests generally are in conflict and security law, the law of armed conflict, and the use of force in international law. His current research projects are examining the international community’s ‘Responsibility to Protect’ populations from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing. Specifically, this research focussed on the use of force and coercive measures by states when the United Nations Security Council fails to uphold this responsibility.

Previously, he has published research findings on the interpretation of the prohibition of force in international law based upon what he describes as the ‘original intentions’ of the drafters of the United Nations Charter at the drafting conference in San Francisco in 1945. These findings seek to explain the unhappy and awkward phrasing of the prohibition in article 2(4) of the UN Charter, exploring how the mechanics of the provision operate in light the contradictory relationship between its well-recognised ‘exceptions’ and the corresponding status of the prohibition as a non-derogable norm of jus cogens.

Patrick is also the General Editor of the Journal on the Use of Force and International Law’s Digest of State Practice, which collects and collates instances of state practice and legal opinions on the use of force and publishes them in the Digest every 6 months.

Research interests

  • Public International Law
  • Conflict and Security Law
  • Responsibility to Protect
  • The Law of the United Nations
  • International Law and the Use of Force
  • Law of Armed Conflict


  • LAW1002      Public Law 1
  • LAW1003      Law of Contract
  • LAW2007      Public Law 1
  • LAW3038      Human Rights
  • LAW3040      International Business Law

Education/Academic qualification

Law, PhD, University of Liverpool

1 Oct 201319 Dec 2017


  • KZ Law of Nations
  • International Law
  • Conflict and Security Law
  • Use of Force
  • Responsibility to Protect
  • United Nations

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where PATRICK BUTCHARD is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

UNO Social Sciences
UN Security Council Social Sciences
responsibility Social Sciences
charter Social Sciences
international law Social Sciences
obligation Social Sciences
peace Social Sciences
interpretation Social Sciences

Research Output 2018 2019

Responsibilities and Obligations: Understanding the Legal Consequences of the UN Security Council's failure to uphold its Responsibility to Protect

BUTCHARD, PATRICK., 9 May 2019, Responsibility to Protect: Lessons Learned and The Way Forward. Sancin, V. (ed.). Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, p. 65-87

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

UN Security Council

Back to San Francisco: Explaining the Inherent Contradictions of Article 2(4) of the UN Charter

Butchard, P., 1 Jul 2018, In : Journal of Conflict and Security Law. 23, 2, p. 229-267 39 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Activities 2019 2019

  • 1 Editorial work

Journal on the Use of Force and International Law (Journal)

1 Jan 2019 → …

Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditorial work