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    Patrick joined Edge Hill University as a Lecturer in Law in 2018, after completing his PhD in international law at the University of Liverpool.

    Patrick’s research interests generally are in conflict and security law, the law of armed conflict, and the use of force in international law. His current research projects are examining the international community’s ‘Responsibility to Protect’ populations from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing. Specifically, this research focussed on the use of force and coercive measures by states when the United Nations Security Council fails to uphold this responsibility.

    Previously, he has published research findings on the interpretation of the prohibition of force in international law based upon what he describes as the ‘original intentions’ of the drafters of the United Nations Charter at the drafting conference in San Francisco in 1945. These findings seek to explain the unhappy and awkward phrasing of the prohibition in article 2(4) of the UN Charter, exploring how the mechanics of the provision operate in light the contradictory relationship between its well-recognised ‘exceptions’ and the corresponding status of the prohibition as a non-derogable norm of jus cogens.

    Patrick is also the General Editor of the Journal on the Use of Force and International Law’s Digest of State Practice, which collects and collates instances of state practice and legal opinions on the use of force and publishes them in the Digest every 6 months.

    Research interests

    • Public International Law
    • Conflict and Security Law
    • Responsibility to Protect
    • The Law of the United Nations
    • International Law and the Use of Force
    • Law of Armed Conflict


    • LAW1002      Public Law 1
    • LAW1003      Law of Contract
    • LAW2007      Public Law 1
    • LAW3038      Human Rights
    • LAW3040      International Business Law

    Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

    In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

    • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
    • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    Education/Academic qualification

    Law, PhD, University of Liverpool

    1 Oct 201319 Dec 2017

    Award Date: 16 Jul 2018


    • KZ Law of Nations
    • International Law
    • Conflict and Security Law
    • Use of Force
    • Responsibility to Protect
    • United Nations


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